Windows 95 Tips for HP Users
Many MPE and HP-UX sites
began to upgrade their PCs to Windows 95 in 1995.
When you upgrade, the first thing you
notice is the
new user interface with the Start button, the 3D look, and
the new graphics architecture.
The Windows 3.1 program manager is banished and its Program
Groups have become folders, which can now contain nested
folders. You should be able to run most of your
old Windows applications, but not your utilities.
Later you should notice the extended system resources limit:
the preemptive multitasking
(which allows you to do other things on the machine while it is executing a long-running task),
although this works only if you are running 32-bit applications (no 16-bit legacy
applications); the multithreading; memory protection (although it's not as
good as NT's);
Microsoft Network; Plug-and-Play recognition
of new peripherals; long filenames; wizards to make common
tasks easier; and much more.
So why doesn't Windows 95 completely supplant Windows NT?
For several good reasons: Win 95's memory protection does not completely
protect system data from user applications as in NT; the design
is a 16/32-bit hybrid for backward compatibility;
the file system is still based on the original FAT system of
DOS and wastes considerable disc space;
international characters are still handled through the clumsy
ANSI character set with code pages instead of Unicode;
and preemptive multitasking is ensured only when all applications
are running in 32-bit mode.
In order for a program to display the
Windows 95 logo,
an application must satisfy the following requirements;
- all code must be compiled in 32-bit mode.
- must respond to interapplication drag and drop through OLE.
- must provide automated set and uninstall.
- must provide small and large icons for toolbars, and so on.
- must support long filenames (must remove any 8.3 character restrictions on filenames).
- must detect changes to screen resolution, addition of new devices, and so on.
- must work on Windows NT Workstation.
As well, any respectable Windows 95 application should use
Tab controls for long dialogs, use a 3D appearance for
user-interface elements, use the right mouse button to
bring up property pages (context menus), move .Ini file
attributes into the new System Registry, and expose its
capabilities to other applications and developers as an OLE
Windows 95 Shortcuts
Windows 95 uses the same
keystroke shortcuts as Windows 3.x
in addition to many new shortcuts, some of which combine the mouse
with keystrokes. For example,
|Ctrl-Esc|| brings up the Start menu.
"Windows" key on your Microsoft Natural Keyboard brings up the Start Menu.|
|Shift-F10||to view the Shortcut menu for a select item.|
|Ctrl-Shift||drag creates a shortcut.|
|Shift-Delete||deletes an item without undelete.|
|Delete||alone puts item in the Recycle Bin.|
|Alt-Enter||views an item's properties.|
|Alt-V-T||adds Toolbar to any folder or "applet."|
|Shift||held down while you insert a CD disables "auto-play."|
|Ctrl-Alt-Del||brings up list of active tasks you can kill.|
|Click and Drag||moves an item, while Ctrl-drag copies it (you
can also use Ctrl-C to copy or Ctrl-X to move, followed by
Ctrl-V at the destination).|
Window Overlay in Windows 95.
By default Windows 95 opens a new window for every folder that you open.
This tends to make your desktop look a little messy and makes it difficult
to find folders. The solution to this is to allow Windows 95 to re-use
one window for the currently opened folder. To change the default,
you must do the following:
- click on Start,
- go to the Settings menu,
- click on Control Panel,
- pull down the View menu,
- select Options,
- select Folder from the Tab menu,
- select the Radio Button for
"Browse folders by using a single window that changes as you
open each folder."
Voila. You now can re-use each folder while browsing for your
One of our technical support engineers spent four days
without a Taskbar (and no Start button)
trying to figure out why he had only a thin grey line at the bottom
of the screen. It turned out he had "minimized" his taskbar.
To revive it, you bring the cursor arrow down over the grey
line until the arrow changes into a skinny arrow. Then
drag the taskbar line up until it "maximizes."
Don't just turn off your system when done. You must shut it down properly or your files won't be updated to disc.
The same warning applies if you enable the 32-bit file system in Windows. You can use Alt-F4 to close anything.
For more information consult:
Final Tip: The CD-ROM version of Windows 95 includes
the Windows 95 Resource Kit as a help file that is indexed and searchable.